I wasted at least twenty minutes getting this to work. These are my notes.
You are using a PostGIS database and want to take a backup copy from production and restore it in a different environment. One complication is that each environment connects to its database with its own user.
This is a common scenario if you are using GeoDjango.
Suppose your production database is called "myproject_prod" which you connect to with user "myproject_prod_role" and you want to replace your existing stage database "myproject_stage" that you connect to with user "myproject_stage_role".
First, dump your production database:
$ pg_dump --no-acl --no-owner $DATABASE > dump.sql
- access control is ignored (--no-acl) as your production database may have additional users that you're not interested in;
- ownership is ignored (--no-owner) as you will be restoring as a different user.
Now, copy the SQL file across to the appropriate server and create the destination database from a PostGIS template with the appropriate owner:
postgres=# DROP DATABASE myproject_stage; postgres=# CREATE DATABASE myproject_stage TEMPLATE template_postgis OWNER myproject_role_stage;
and restore the database using the stage user:
$ psql --host=127.0.0.1 --username=myproject_role_stage myproject_stage < dump.sql
Be warned: this command will generated a lot of warnings (which can be ignored). This happens as pg_dump generates SQL relative to the 'template0' database (not 'template_postgis' which would be more helpful in this situation). Thus, the dumped SQL file contains the definitions of PostGIS types which have already been defined when we created the database from "template_postgis".
The host is specified in the restore operation (--host=127.0.0.1) so as to trigger the correct authentication rules from pg_hba.conf. I usually forget this and am confused about why I can't authenticate. You might not need this if your authentication config is different.
- Backup and Restore of a PostGis database - a relevant thread from the PostGIS mailing list.